Glaucoma: The Silent Thief of Sight

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain. The optic nerve is responsible for carrying visual information from the eye to the brain. Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world.

Types of Glaucoma

There are two main types of glaucoma: primary open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma. Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma.

Risk Factors for Glaucoma

– Age: Glaucoma is more common in people over the age of 60. – Family history: If you have a family history of glaucoma, you are more likely to develop the disease yourself. – Race: African Americans and Hispanics are at higher risk of developing glaucoma. – Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, can increase your risk of glaucoma. – Eye injuries: Eye injuries can damage the optic nerve and lead to glaucoma.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

– Blurred vision – Tunnel vision – Eye pain – Headaches – Haloes around lights

Diagnosing Glaucoma

Glaucoma can be diagnosed with a comprehensive eye exam. The exam will include a visual acuity test, a pressure test, and a dilated eye exam.

Treating Glaucoma

There is no cure for glaucoma, but there are treatments that can slow the progression of the disease and prevent vision loss. Treatment options include eye drops, laser surgery, and traditional surgery.

Living with Glaucoma

If you have glaucoma, it is important to follow your doctor's treatment plan and get regular eye exams. With early diagnosis and treatment, most people with glaucoma can maintain good vision for many years.