10 health modification required for diabetic patient


Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that impacts millions of people worldwide. In the United Kingdom, an estimated 3.8 million people have diabetes, and this number is expected to rise to 5 million by 2025 (Diabetes UK, 2022). The management of diabetes requires a comprehensive approach that involves lifestyle modifications, medication, and regular monitoring. This essay will discuss ten health modifications that diabetic patients can manage their condition effectively.

Symptoms of diabetes:

Risk of infection:

Management modalities:

  • Diet Modification

A healthy diet is essential for managing diabetes. Diabetic patients should consume a balanced diet that is rich in fiber, low in saturated fats, and has a moderate amount of carbohydrates. Foods that are high in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, can help regulate blood sugar levels. Diabetic patients should also limit their intake of processed foods, sugary drinks, and foods high in saturated and trans fats.

  • Regular Exercise

Regular exercise is a fundamental component of diabetes management. Exercise helps regulate blood sugar levels, improves insulin sensitivity, and promotes weight loss. Diabetic patients should aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week, such as brisk walking, cycling, or swimming.

  • Blood Glucose Monitoring


Diabetic patients should monitor their blood glucose levels regularly to ensure they remain within the target range. Blood glucose monitoring can help diabetic patients adjust their medication and lifestyle choices to achieve better glycemic control. There are several devices available for blood glucose monitoring, including glucose meters and continuous glucose monitors.

  • Medication Adherence

Diabetic patients should take their medications as prescribed to manage their condition effectively. Medications for diabetes include insulin, oral hypoglycemic agents, and other medications to manage associated conditions such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Diabetic patients should follow their doctor’s instructions regarding medication dosage and timing.

  • Foot Care

Diabetic patients are at increased risk of foot complications such as neuropathy and ulcers. Diabetic patients should check their feet regularly for any signs of injury, such as blisters or cuts. They should also wear well-fitting shoes and avoid going barefoot. Diabetic patients with foot complications should seek medical


  • Eye Exams

Diabetic patients are at increased risk of eye complications such as retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma. Diabetic patients should have their eyes examined regularly by an eye specialist to detect any early signs of eye complications. Early detection and treatment of eye complications can prevent vision loss.

  • Smoking Cessation

Smoking is a most crucial risk factor for many health problems, including diabetes. Diabetic patients who smoke should quit smoking to improve their overall health and reduce their risk of complications. Smoking cessation programs and medications are available to help diabetic patients quit smoking.

  • Stress Management

Stress can alter blood sugar levels and overall health. Diabetic patients should practise stress management techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, and yoga to reduce stress levels. Regular exercise can also aid in reducing stress levels.

  • Sleep Hygiene

Adequate sleep is essential for overall health and blood sugar regulation. Diabetic patients should aim for at least 7-8 hours of sleep per night and establish good sleep hygiene practices such as avoiding caffeine and electronic devices before bedtime.

  • Regular Health Checkups

Diabetic patients should have regular checkups with their healthcare provider to monitor their overall health and blood sugar control. Regular checkups can help detect any complications early and prevent them from worsening


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